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Japanese Political History Since the Meiji Restoration, 1868-2000.
عنوان کتاب: Japanese Political History Since the Meiji Restoration, 1868-2000.
مولف: Richard Sims
ناشر: C. Hurst & Co Publishers Ltd
زبان: English
سال: March 29, 2001
شابک: 1850654476, 9781850654476
حجم فایل: 2.74 MB
نوع فایل: epub
تعداد صفحات: 356
From the back cover:

Modern Japan's political history has been eventful and turbulent. The country transformed itself from a decentralised feudal regime into a modernising nation-state, which then deviated from that path in the 1930s towards militarism, fascism and pan-Asianism, a course which led to the Pacific War and then to defeat, occupation and the imposition of a fully democratic constitution.
This book explores the Meiji Renovation (conventionally but misleadingly termed Restoration); the policies of the samurai modernisers who dominated the Meiji government; the rapid appearance of liberal political parties; the introduction of a German-style constitution and the evolution of a 'politics of compromise' out of the early parliamentary conflict; the broadening of political activity and consciousness with the coming of 'Taisho democracy'; the renewed and sometimes fanatical emphasis on national unity in the 1930s; the wartime changes in the political system; the radical postwar reforms and the 'reverse course'; the four decades of Liberal Democratic Party dominance after the Occupation; and the shake-up of Japanese politics during the 1990s.
No other work has covered Japanese political history since 1868 in such detail, and the present volume fills the gap between general histories of modern Japan and the monographic literature.
RICHARD SIMS has taught modern Japanese history at the School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London, since 1966. His previous books include Modern Japan (1973) and French Policy towards the Bakufu and Meiji Japan, 1854-1895 (1998).

Table of Contents:
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
ILLUSTRATIONS
PREFACE
GLOSSARY
A NOTE ON JAPANESE NAMES
THE CHANGING VALUE OF THE YEN
1. THE MEIJI RENOVATION
Japan in the mid-nineteenth century
The causes of the Meiji Ishin
The establishment and consolidation of the Meiji government
Obstacles to centralising reform
The abolition of feudal domains
The acceleration of modernisation
Political division and the 1873 governmental crisis
The ascendancy of Okubo
The disestablishment of the samurai and the Satsuma rebellion
The character of the Meiji government
2. THE CONSOLIDATION OF THE MEIJI STATE AND THE GROWTH OF POLITICAL OPPOSITION, 1878-90
The consolidation of the Meiji state
The People's Rights movement
The 1881 political crisis
The first national political parties
The People's Rights movement in the 1880s
The Meiji government's response to the People's Rights movement
3. THE CONSTITUTIONAL EXPERIMENT AND THE BEGINNING OF COMPROMISE POLITICS, 1890-1905
The first Diet sessions
The Ito cabinet and the Jiyuto
The 1898 impasse and the Kenseito cabinet
The Yamagata cabinet and the Kenseito
The formation of the Seiyukai
Politics under the first Katsura cabinet
The Hibiya Park riots
The declining role of the elder statesmen
4. POLITICAL PARTY CONSOLIDATION, OLIGARCHIC REACTION AND THE EMERGENCE OF NEW FORCES, 1905-18
The political strategy of Hara Takashi
The second Katsura cabinet and the Seiyukai
The second Saionji cabinet and the death of the Emperor
The Taisho political crisis
The social and ideological background of the Taisho political crisis
The aftermath of the Taisho political crisis
The Okuma cabinet and the rise of the Doshikai
The Terauchi cabinet and the resurgence of the Seiyukai
The rice riots and the Hara cabinet
5. PARTY CABINETS, RADICAL MOVEMENTS AND THE COLLAPSE OF TAISHO DEMOCRACY, 1918-32
The post-war ferment
The policies of the Hara cabinet
Seiyukai disunity and non-party cabinets
Reform and reaction under the Kato cabinet
The Wakatsuki cabinet and its difficulties
Formation of the Minseito and the 1928 election
The repressive policies and political difficulties of the Tanaka cabinet
Financial retrenchment and the Naval Limitations controversy
The Depression and failures of the Minseito cabinet
Military subversion and the Mukden Incident
The collapse of the second Wakatsuki cabinet
The Inukai cabinet and the May 15th Incident
The weaknesses of political parties
'Taisho Democracy' and the new social movements
Left-wing political parties
6. THE PURSUIT OF GREATER NATIONAL UNITY AND THE WAR STATE, 1932-45
The upsurge of fundamentalist nationalism
The divisions within Japanese ultranationalism
The Saito cabinet
The Okada cabinet and the Minobe affair
Factional struggle in the army
The February 26th Incident
The increase in military influence on government
The partial party revival and the Hayashi cabinet
The first Konoe cabinet and the China Incident
The Hiranuma and Abe cabinets
The Yonai cabinet and the new party movement
Konoe and the new political structure
The emasculation of the new structure
Politics and foreign policy in 1941
Tojo, the 1942 election and war-time politics
The growth of opposition to Tojo
The Koiso and Suzuki cabinets and the peace party
The decision to surrender
7. THE POST-WAR RESHAPING OF JAPANESE POLITICS, 1945-52
Conservative expectations and initial Occupation policy
Constitutional reform
The revival of political parties
The 1946 election and the purge of Hatoyama
The first Yoshida cabinet and the challenge of the Left
Socialist-led coalition government
The change in American policy and the return to conservative control
The end of the Occupation
8. THE '1955 SYSTEM' AND THE ERA OF L.D.P. DOMINANCE, 1952-93
The persistence of American influence
Conservative division and Yoshida's ousting
Socialist merger and the formation of the Liberal Democratic Party
The Hatoyama cabinet and the reaction against the Occupation
Kishi's rise to power
Kishi and Security Treaty revision
Political conciliation and economic growth under Ikeda
The Sato cabinet and political change in the 1960s
The retrocession of Okinawa
Relations with China and the end of the Sato cabinet
The Tanaka cabinet's aims and setbacks
The Miki cabinet and the obstacles to political reform
The Lockheed scandal and the Fukuda cabinet
LDP factional conflict and the Ohira cabinet's loss of a Diet majority
The conservative revival
The Suzuki cabinet and administrative reform
Nakasone's new approach
The Liberal Democratic Party's 1986 election success
Introduction of the consumption tax
The Recruit scandal and the collapse of the Takeshita and Uno cabinets
The collapse of the 'bubble economy' and the impact of the Gulf Crisis
The Sagawa scandal and the Liberal Democratic Party's fall from power
The reasons for the LDP's long dominance
9. THE SHAKE-UP OF JAPANESE POLITICS, 1993-2000
The Hosokawa coalition and its reform measures
The conservative-Social Democratic coalition, 1994-6
The New Frontier Party and the 1996 election
The Hashimoto cabinet and the LDP setback in 1998
The Obuchi cabinet and the LDP-Liberal Party-Komeito coalition
The Japanese political situation at the beginning of the twenty-first century
BIBLIOGRAPHY
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