ورود به حساب کاربری
  بازگردانی رمز عبور!
آمار Esource
1,451,336
49,472,095
80,000
150 GB
60 TB
Measurement and Statistics on Science and Technology: 1920 to the Present (Routledge Studies in the History of Science, Technology, and Medicine)
عنوان کتاب: Measurement and Statistics on Science and Technology: 1920 to the Present (Routledge Studies in the History of Science, Technology, and Medicine)
مولف: Benoit Godin
ناشر: Empty
زبان: English
سال: 2005
شابک: 0415341043, 9780415341042
حجم فایل: 1.44 MB
نوع فایل: pdf
تعداد صفحات: 361
How do we objectively measure scientific activities? What proportion of economic activities should a society devote to research and development? How can public-sector and private-sector research best be directed to achieve social goals? Governments and researchers from industrial countries have been measuring science and technology for more than eighty years. This book provides the first comprehensive account of the attempts to measure science and technology activities in Western countries and the successes and shortcomings of statistical systems. Godin guides readers through the historical moments that led to the development of statistics on science and technology and also examines the socio-political dynamics behind social measurement. This enlightening account will be of interest to students and academics investigating science measurement as well as policy makers working in this burgeoning field.
نظرات کاربران
ارسال نظر